All 17 Sustainable Development Goals are critical in achieving the overall well-being of our societal framework and the protection of our planet. This call to action is an urgent one that requires commitment from and implementation in all countries. Every SDG plays an important role in promoting prosperity and transforming the world into a better place to live—for everyone. Putting an end to poverty is of utmost importance due to its interconnecting nature to the completion of every goal. Without ending poverty, we cannot make lasting gains in economic growth, social issues, tackling climate change, environmental protection, or any other issue facing our world today.

According to the United Nations Foundation, as of 2020, more than 700 million people (or 10% of the world's population) is suffering from poverty. To put that into perspective, that’s more than double the population size of the United States. The effects of the pandemic caused the global rate of poverty to go up in 2020—the first time this has happened in 20 years. This setback threatens the major strides that have been made over the years in eradicating poverty and urgent actions need to be taken. Seeing the massive negative effects the pandemic has put on poor and vulnerable people, it's important that policies are put into place to protect these groups of people from future disasters and economic unrest.

Since the SDGs were introduced, we are seeing an improvement in the quality of life globally. It’s important to remain hopeful during these uncertain times and not lose sight of all the progress that has been made and will continue to be made through everyone’s collective efforts. Ending poverty will not be without challenges, but it’s possible.

Targets & Indicators

When the UN General Assembly introduced the Sustainable Development Goals in 2015, they listed the targets that needed to meet for each goal. These targets break down what needs to be achieved to consider the goal completed. The UN Statistical Commission created the IAEG (International Agency and Expert Group) in 2017, which was tasked with creating the “indicators” for each target. These indicators were created to put measures in place to track the process being made on each target.

Targets and indicators were developed by the UN as a working blueprint for nations, organizations, and people to use when implementing SDGs in their everyday actions. Looking to the targets for the respected goal is the best way to execute the use of them in your work.


By 2030, eradicate extreme poverty for all people everywhere (currently measured as people living on less than $1.25 a day).
  1. 1.1.1 Proportion of Population Below the International Poverty Line, by Sex, Age, Employment Status, and Geographical Location (Urban/Rural)


By 2030, reduce at least by half the proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions according to national definitions.
  1. 1.2.1 Proportion of Population Living Below the National Poverty Line by Sex and Age
  2. 1.2.2 Proportion of Men, Women, and Children of All Ages Living in Poverty in All Its Dimensions According to National Definitions


Implement nationally appropriate social protection systems and measures for all, including floors, and achieve substantial coverage of the poor and the vulnerable by 2030.
  1. 1.3.1 Proportion of Population Covered by Social Protection Floors/Systems by Sex, Distinguishing by Children, Unemployed Persons, Older Persons, Persons With Disabilities, Pregnant Women, Newborns, Work-Injury Victims, and the Poor


By 2030, ensure that all men and women, in particular the poor and the vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to basic services, ownership and control over land and other forms of property, inheritance, natural resources, appropriate new technology and financial services, including microfinance
  1. 1.4.1 Proportion of Population Living in Households with Access to Basic Services
  2. 1.4.2 Proportion of Total Adult Population With Secure Tenure Rights to Land, With Legally Recognized Documentation and Who Perceive Their Rights to Land as Secure (by Sex and Type of Tenure)


By 2030, build the resilience of the impoverished and reduce their vulnerability to climate-related events (and other economic, social, and environmental disasters).
  1. 1.5.1 Number of Deaths, Missing Persons, and Persons Affected by Disaster Per 100,000 People
  2. 1.5.2 Direct Disaster Economic Loss in Relation to Global Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
  3. 1.5.3 Number of Countries with National and Local Disaster Risk Reduction Strategies
  4. 1.5.4 Proportion of Local Governments That Adopt and Implement Local Disaster Risk Reduction Strategies in Line with National Disaster Risk Reduction Strategies


Ensure significant mobilization of resources from a variety of sources, including through enhanced development cooperation in order to provide adequate and predictable means for developing countries, in particular least developed countries.
  1. 1.a.1 Proportion of Resources Allocated by the Government Directly to Poverty Reduction Programs
  2. 1.a.2 Proportion of Total Government Spending on Essential Services (Education, Health, and Social Protection)


Create sound policy frameworks at the national, regional, and international levels, based on pro-poor and gender-sensitive development strategies to support accelerated investment in poverty eradication actions.
  1. 1.b.1 Proportion of Government Recurrent and Capital Spending to Sectors That Disproportionately Benefit Women, the Poor, and Vulnerable Groups

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