As the world’s population continues to increase, food insecurity and lack of nutrition remain the reality for millions of people. The pandemic has only worsened this crisis of global food supply and is projected to drastically increase the number of people affected by world hunger and malnutrition in the coming years. Accomplishing the goal of ending world hunger and ensuring everyone has access to nutritious food through sustainable agriculture will only be possible with committed action and funding by all nations with alignment from globally set actions. The steps to reach the end of world hunger would require investments in agriculture to increase productivity, improve global food supply chains, decrease food waste, and increase the incomes and productivity of small-scale farmers.
The goal of ending world hunger and malnutrition was around before the Sustainable Development Goals were developed in 2015 and will continue to be at the forefront of social action until significant improvements have been made in resolving this crisis. The possibility of ending world hunger is not an unattainable dream—it’s a practical reality that will take a global effort. No one should have to worry about how they are going to get their next meal—universal access to nutritious food is a human right and it’s critical we work together as one to achieve this goal.
Targets & Indicators
When the UN General Assembly introduced the Sustainable Development Goals in 2015, they listed the targets that needed to meet for each goal. These targets break down what needs to be achieved to consider the goal completed. The UN Statistical Commission created the IAEG (International Agency and Expert Group) in 2017, which was tasked with creating the “indicators” for each target. These indicators were created to put measures in place to track the process being made on each target.
Targets and indicators were developed by the UN as a working blueprint for nations, organizations, and people to use when implementing SDGs in their everyday actions. Looking to the targets for the respected goal is the best way to execute the use of them in your work.
2.1By 2030, end hunger and ensure access to safe, nutritious and sufficient food for all people, including infants, all year round.
- 2.1.1 Prevalence of Undernourishment
- 2.1.2 Prevalence of Moderate or Severe Food Insecurity in the Population Based on the Food Insecurity Experience Scale (FIES)
2.2By 2030, end all forms of malnutrition, including achieving, by 2025, the internationally agreed targets on stunting and wasting in children under 5 years of age, and address the nutritional needs of adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating women, and older persons.
- 2.2.1 Prevalence of Stunting (Height for Age Standard Deviation From the Median of the World Health Organization Child Growth Standards) Among Children Under Five Years of Age
- 2.2.2 Prevalence of Malnutrition (Weight for Height Standard Deviation From the Median of the World Health Organization Child Growth Standards) Among Children Under Five Years of Age by Type (Wasting and Overweight)
- 2.2.3 Prevalence of Anaemia in Women Aged 15 to 49 Years by Pregnancy Status (Percentage)
2.3By 2030, double the agricultural productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers, particularly women, indigenous peoples, family farmers, pastoralists, and fishers, including through secure and equal access to land, other productive resources and inputs, knowledge, financial services, markets and opportunities for value addition, and non-farm employment.
- 2.3.1 Volume of Production per Labor Unit by Classes of Farming/Pastoral/Forestry Enterprise Size
- 2.3.2 Average Income of Small-Scale Food Producers by Sex and Indigenous Status
2.4By 2030, ensure sustainable food production systems, implement resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity and production, help maintain ecosystems, strengthen capacity for adaptation to climate change and extreme weather, and progressively improve land and soil quality.
- 2.4.1 Proportion of Agricultural Area Under Productive and Sustainable Agriculture
2.5By 2020, maintain the genetic diversity of seeds, cultivated plants, and farmed/domesticated animals, and their related wild species, including through soundly managed and diversified seed and plant banks at the national, regional, and international levels, and promote access to fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge, as internationally agreed.
- 2.5.1 Number of Plant and Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture Secured in Either Medium- or Long-Term Conservation Facilities
- 2.5.2 Proportion of Local Breeds Classified as at Risk, Not at Risk, or at Unknown Level of Risk of Extinction
2.aIncrease investment, including through enhanced international cooperation, in rural infrastructure, agricultural research, extension services, technology development, and plant/livestock gene banks in order to enhance agricultural productive capacity in developing countries.
- 2.a.1 The Agriculture Orientation Index for Government Expenditures
- 2.a.2 Total Official Flows (Official Development Assistance Plus Other Official Flows) to the Agriculture Sector
2.bCorrect and prevent trade restrictions and distortions in world agricultural markets, including through the parallel elimination of all forms of agricultural export subsidies and all export measures with equivalent effect, in accordance with the mandate of the Doha Development Round.
- 2.b.1 Agricultural Export Subsidies
2.cAdopt measures to ensure the proper functioning of food commodity markets and their derivatives and facilitate timely access to market information, including on food reserves, in order to help limit extreme food price volatility.
- 2.c.1 Indicator of Food Price Anomalies